Muslim scholars and leaders logically believed that Urdu, only spoken by 7%, should be the lingua franca because it had gained a reputation as the cultural symbol of subcontinental Muslims. The language movement of 1948-1952, which was divided into two-stage movement. S.M.Masud Rana (Robi) Bangladesh appeared on the world map as an independent country in 1971 after a nine-month war of liberation in which nearly one million people died. In the firing abul barkat, a university student, rafiq uddin ahmed, a student of Debendra College, manikganj, and abdul jabbar, a young farmer from gaffargaon, were killed. At least two others are also believed to have been killed in the firing that day. The passion of Bengali nationalism which was aroused by the Language Movement shall kindle in the hearts of the Bengalis forever … Perhaps very few people realised then that with the bloodshed in 1952 the new-born state of Pakistan had in fact started to bleed to death.” (– Rafiqul Islam) Results May 7, 1954 The Pakistan government recognizes Bangla as a state language. Bangla Language Day, popularly known as Ekushe (21) February, is one of the most significant days, not in Bangladesh only, but in human history because on that day the valiant Bangalee boys gave their lives to defend their sweet mother tongue, Bangla language. Ekushey Padak, one of the highest civilian awards in Bangladesh, is awarded annually in memory of the sacrifices of the mo… It is an honor bestowed by the international community on the Language Movement of Bangladesh. This page was last modified on 16 June 2014, at 11:40. 1952: Jannuary 26: Nazimuddin also declared in paltan maidan that urdu would be the one an only state language February 4: Abdul Matin formed “Dhaka University ‘s state language committee”. [Ahmed Rafique], http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Ekushey_February&oldid=20307. In that conference All Party State Language Acti… The Bengali Language Movement had a major cultural impact on Bengali society. The question as to what would be the state language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its creation. Accordingly, a strike was observed in all educational institutions on February 4. It has inspired the development and celebration of the Bengali language, literature and culture. Short History: When the Dominion of Pakistan was formed by the partition of India in 1947 The question as to what would be the state language of Pakistan was raised. International Mother Language Day was introduced by the UNESCO in recognition of the sanctity and preservation of all vernacular languages in the world. The question as to what would be the state language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its creation. Ekushey February now also called just Ekushey, 21 February, Shaheed Dibas (Martyrs' Day) and, since 2000, international mother language day. LanguageMovement21Feb1952.jpg ‎ (২৪৬ × ২৪৬ পিক্সেল, ফাইলের আকার: ৫২ কিলোবাইট, এমআইএমই ধরণ: image/jpeg) Initially the … Browse 190 1952 bengali language movement stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. The language issue was seen as the last piece of jigsaw in the two-nation theory which was formed with religion based nationalism. Three days later, the police demolished the memorial. The student community, however, refused to accept this decision. They decided to declared February 21 as the day for stikes … [Sirajul Islam]. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. On 21 March 1948, at a public meeting in dhaka, he declared that Urdu alone would be the state language of Pakistan. Walking slowly, they sing the mournful notes of the elegy, 'Amar bhaiyer rakte rabgano ekushey february ami ki bhulite pari' (Can I forget 21 February reddened with the blood of my brothers?). In protest, the Dhaka University National Language Committee called for a token strike on January 30. International Mother Language Day was introduced by the UNESCO in recognition of the sanctity and preservation of all vernacular languages in the world. Language Movement Day (Bengali: ভাষা আন্দোলন দিবস Bhasha Andolôn Dibôs), also called State Language Day or Language Martyrs' Day (Bengali: শহীদ দিবস Shôhid Dibôs), is a national holiday of Bangladesh taking place on 21 February each year and commemorating the Bengali language movement and its martyrs. All Party State Language Action Council. Ekushey February plays an important role in making Bengalis aware of their cultural and national heritage and ultimately and the background to the rise of Bengali nationalism. A student meeting on the day called for a province-wide hartal on 21 February. In a way this is correct, as the basic inspiration for the freedom struggle of the Bengali-speaking people of Pakistan came mainly from linguistic nationalism. Even before the creation of Pakistan in 1947, there had been demands that Bangla be made the state language of Pakistan. Language Movement began in 1948 and reached its climax in the killing of 21 February 1952, and ended in the adoption of Bangla as one of the state languages of Pakistan. Select from premium 1952 Bengali Language Movement of the highest quality. Apart from this famous song, many poets have written poems on 21 February. The meeting supported the strike call on February 4. The passion of Bengali nationalism which was aroused by the Language Movement shall kindle in the hearts of the Bengalis forever … Perhaps very few people realised then that with the bloodshed in 1952 the new-born state of Pakistan had in fact started to bleed to … Anisuzzaman (18 February 1937 – 14 May 2020) was a Bangladeshi academic of Bengali literature.He was an activist who took part in the Language Movement (1952), participated in Mass Uprising (1969), and took part in the War of Liberation (1971). It was a direct result of the Bengali Language movement of 1952 and was established as an institute dedicated for research and cultivation of Bengali language, culture and society. People began to gather on the premises of Dhaka Medical College Hospital. Subsequently students of the Dhaka University and Dhaka Medical College took a robust role in the cause of the Language Movement and took a crucial decision and defied the wishes of politicians to violate Section 144 on 21st February, 1952. Since 2000, 21 February is also being observed as the International Mother Language Day. Language Movement Day (Bengali: ভাষা আন্দোলন দিবস Bhasha Andolôn Dibôs), also called State Language Day or Language Martyrs' Day (Bengali: শহীদ দিবস Shôhid Dibôs), is a national holiday of Bangladesh taking place on 21 February each year and commemorating the Bengali language movement and its martyrs. Subsequently khwaja nazimuddin, who had become Prime Minister of Pakistan following the assassination of liaquat ali khan, visited East Pakistan in January 1952. Ekushey February now also called just Ekushey, 21 February, Shaheed Dibas (Martyrs' Day) and, since 2000, international mother language day.On 21 February 1952, corresponding to 8 Falgun 1359 in the Bangla calendar, a number of students campaigning for the recognition of Bangla as one of the state languages of pakistan were killed when police fired upon them. Importance of Language movement in 1952 » The Language Movement is one of the most important days in our history. Language Movement Museum was established in Dhaka in 1989 to preserve data and information on history of the language movement, memories of the language martyrs and language veterans. On January 30, 1952, Bengali students and others established the Bhasha Andolon (Bengali language) movement in favor of the recognition of Bengali as a national language in Pakistan. Colourful alpana designs are painted on the ground, and Bangla verses and prose passages about Bangla are written on the walls facing the Shaheed Minar. Over the centuries people gave their lives for love, faith, freedom, nation and the state. Gaziul Huq (1929 - 2009) A Basha Shoinik (language activist) and a renowned student leader during the Bengali Language Movement. See also ekushey february; language movement. A decision was also taken to observe a strike in all educational institutions of the province on 4 February. Bangladeshis are remembering the martyrs of the 1952 Language Movement who sacrificed their lives to establish the right of Bengalis to speak … Leaders from Khilafat-e-Rabbani, Tamuddun Majlish, University Students’ Sangram Parishad, East Pakistan Muslim Students’ League and East Pakistan … This was, indeed, in appreciation and recognition of the unprecedented sacrifice made by the Bangla speaking people of Bangladesh for the cause of their mother tongue (matribhasa) on 21 February 1952. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. Maulana Bhasani, the leader of East Pakistan Awami League, called the conference. However, the language movement was more than a fight to preserve a rich language dating back over 1,000 years. When this failed, the police fired into the crowd. The Bengali Language movement, known as the Bhasha Andolon in Bengali, took place in Bangladesh (then called East Pakistan). This page has been accessed 32,925 times. The next day, an all-party meeting was held at the Dhaka Bar Library at which Maulana abdul hamid khan bhasani presided. This important movement recognized Bengali as a language … With UNESCO adopting a resolution on 17 November 1999 proclaiming 21 February as international mother language day. He/she is followed by the Prime Minister, members of the cabinet, staff of diplomatic missions in Dhaka, political leaders, representatives of various institutions and organisations etc. Language Movement Museum was established in Dhaka in 1989 to preserve data and information on history of the language movement, memories of the language martyrs and language veterans. In March 1948, Governor General mohammed ali jinnah arrived in East Pakistan. Language Movement Day (Bengali: ভাষা আন্দোলন দিবস Bhasha Andolôn Dibôs), also called State Language Day or Language Martyrs' Day (Bengali: শহীদ দিবস Shôhid Dibôs), is a national holiday of Bangladesh taking place on 21 February each year and commemorating the Bengali language movement and its martyrs. The All-Party National Language Action Committee, which met that night, decided by a majority vote not to violate Section 144. The day the Conference chose for the purpose was 21 February. The event began being observed from 21 February 2000 throughout the world to commemorate the martyrs who sacrificed their lives on this date in dhaka in 1952. On 31 January 1952 a conference of the leaders of all opposition parties were held in the Dhaka Bar Council Library. After the resounding victory of the united front in 1954, Bangla was recognised as one of the state languages of Pakistan at a session of the National Assembly on 9 May 1954. On 21 February 1952, corresponding to 8 Falgun 1359 in the Bangla calendar, a number of students campaigning for the recognition of Bangla as one of the state languages of pakistan were killed when police fired upon them. A fight to maintain one's own identity at a time when official measures were taken to crush it. Bengali language movement. The movement has redefined the Bengali culture by inspiring the development and celebration of the Bengali language, literature and culture. The Language Movement began in 1948 and reached its climax in the killings of 21 February 1952, and ended in the adoption of Bangla as one of the state languages of Pakistan. The police fired on the procession killing a number of protesters and wounding others. All over the country, schools and colleges held protest meetings, rallies and processions. But in 1952 it's not only inadequate to the educated class, but also spread among the entire Bengali nation. The emergence of Bangladesh as an independent and sovereign country is the outcome of the historic language movement of 1952. Throughout the day, people of all ages and from all walks of life visit the Shaheed Minar to pay tribute to those who gave their lives for Bangla. The museum started its formal operations on 2 June 1989. In commemoration of the day, bangla academy holds a month-long book fair and organises literary and cultural events throughout the month. From there they tried to proceed towards the Provincial Assembly where a session of the East Bengal Legislative Assembly was about to begin. At the meeting a 40-member All-Party National Language Action Committee was formed. The Language Movement is a historical landmark across the world. Since 1952, 21 February has been observed every year to commemorate the martyrs of the Language Movement. http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=International_Mother_Language_Day&oldid=2984. In 1952, Bengali students in East Pakistan rose up and protested against the Pakistani government for declaring Urdu as the national language. Bangla Academy. In 1948, it was restricted between educated and intellectual class and their demand was to make Bengali language as the state language. The movement has redefined the Bengali culture by inspiring the development and celebration of the Bengali language, literature and culture. Language Movement began in 1948 and reached its climax in the killing of 21 February 1952, and ended in the adoption of Bangla as one of the state languages of Pakistan. The background to the proclamation of the International Mother Language Day was a proposal from Bangladesh at the UNESCO General Conference in Paris on 17 November 1999 to declare 21 February as an international day on the ground that on this day many had sacrificed their lives for their mother tongue. Abdul Jabbar (Bengali language: আব্দুল জব্বার ) (1919- February 21, 1952) was a demonstrator who was killed during the Bengali Language Movement protests in 1952 that took place in the erstwhile East Pakistan (currently Bangladesh). On 21 February 1952, the students in Dhaka defied Section 144 (curfew) and bought out rallies in support of making Bengali a state language of Pakistan. LanguageMovement22Feb1952.jpg ‎ (২৪৭ × ২৩৭ পিক্সেল, ফাইলের আকার: ৪৭ কিলোবাইট, এমআইএমই ধরণ: image/jpeg) This page was last modified on 29 March 2015, at 16:46. It was a fight for social and economic justice. Last updated: 5 October 2017 From the section 1952 Bhasha Andolon. To bring the situation under control, the government enforced a curfew and deployed the army in Dhaka. Bengali language movement in 1952 Photo Source: Mukto Mona. The Bengali Language movement, known as the Bhasha Andolon in Bengali, took place in Bangladesh (then called East Pakistan). A month-long event called the Ekushey Book Fair is held every year to commemorate the movement. abdus salam, a bank employee, was injured in the firing and died in hospital later. This paper is an analysis of the role played by the 1952 language movement (bhasha andolan) in East Bengal in the development of a Bengali nationalist discourse. Bhasha Andolon (1947 - 1952)The question as to what would be the state language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its creation. Major Events of Language Movement After death of Moahammad Ali Jinnah, Nazimudding became the new governor general of Pakistan. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment; current: 15:22, 30 June 2014: 246 × 246 (52 KB): Nasirkhan (Talk | contribs): Importing file In July 1947, Dr muhammad shahidullah suggested that, after the departure of the British, Bangla could be made the state language of the new state. Chowdhury, Mahbub ul Alam (1927-2007) poet, journalist, a writer and activist of the Bengali Language Movement and composer of the first poem on 21 February 1952. With UNESCO adopting a resolution on 17 November 1999 proclaiming 21 February as international mother language day. 21 February, celebrated as Language Movement Day or Shohid Dibosh (Martyrs' Day), is a major national holiday in Bangladesh. The language movement was the catalyst for the assertion of Bengali national identity, the forerunner of the nationalist movements - including the six-point movement of the Awami League, led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, which called for a federal government with a high level of autonomy - and the liberation war itself. Prime Minister Khwaja Nazimuddin, who was of Bengali origin, spoke out in favor of Urdu as the national language on February 21, 1952. First, after a great sacrifice of innocent human lives it established Bangla as a state language of Pakistan. The constitution of Pakistan since its inception in 1947 faced challenges because of its formulation and enunciations that were controversial. The majority of the Pakistani citizens (as of 1952), about 54% of the citizens, were Bengali.In the protest several students died for defending the Bengali language for themselves and for the future generations. 1952: Jannuary 26: Nazimuddin also declared in paltan maidan that urdu would be the one an only state language February 4: Abdul Matin formed “Dhaka University ‘s state language committee”. The Language Movement of 1952 was the first organized expression of the consciousness of the exploited and deprived masses of Bangladesh. The event began being observed from 21 February 2000 throughout the world to commemorate the martyrs who sacrificed their lives on this date in dhaka in 1952. Defying the curfew, on 22 February, students alongside common people came out on city streets to protest the killings. An organising committee was formed at the initiative of Professor MA Barnik with Professor Mirza Mazharul Islam as the convener. On 27 January, at a public meeting at Paltan Maidan, he reiterated Jinnah's pronouncement that Urdu would be the only state language of Pakistan. Using the concept of counter hegemonic … Essays on Ekushey: The Language Movement 1952. Language Movement of 1952: Birth of Bangladesh. Newspapers publish special supplements. The Paris meet also put on record how solemnly the people of Bangladesh have been observing the day as Martyrs' Day (shaheed dibash) ever since 1952, and how the People's Republic of Bangladesh has been observing the day as a special national day since its emergence as an independent state in 1971. The Paris Conference was convinced that one of the most effective ways to promote and develop mother tongues was the establishment of an International Mother Language Day throughout the world with a view to organising various activities in the member states and a language exhibition at UNESCO Headquarters on the same day. The policemen on duty tried to disperse the students by firing blanks. ISBN 984-07-2968-3. It was argued that, since the languages of the world are at the very heart of UNESCO 's objectives and since they are the most powerful instruments for preserving and developing the tangible and intangible heritage of nations and nationalities, the recognition of this day would serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop a fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world and to inspire international solidarity based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue. Maulana Bhasani, the leader of East Pakistan Awami League, called the conference. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s name should be specially mentioned in this regard. A meeting was held on the day at Amtala (under a mango tree), on the university campus, where students pledged to carry on the language movement. The leaders of these two parties played the dominant role in organizing this movement. The language movement of 1952 was a turning point in the history on many counts. After the liberation, the day became a national holiday and the university of dhaka took over the responsibility of the maintenance of the Shaheed Minar and its environs and the responsibility of organising the Shaheed Day. At one minute past midnight on 21 February, the President of Bangladesh arrives at the Shaheed Minar to pay homage to the language martyrs. A fight taken up by ordinary people, who just wanted to live. The Bengali Language Movement, also known as the Language Movement (Bengali: ভাষা আন্দোলন; Bhasha Andolon), was a political effort in Bangladesh (then known as East Pakistan), advocating the recognition of the Bengali language as an official language of Pakistan.Such recognition would allow Bengali to be taught in schools [citation needed] and used in government affairs. Major Events of Language Movement After death of Moahammad Ali Jinnah, Nazimudding became the new governor general of Pakistan. Shortly after the creation of Pakistan, at the first session of the Pakistan Legislative Assembly on 23 February 1948, dhirendranath datta proposed that Bangla be made one of the languages of the Assembly along with English and urdu. An organising committee was formed at the initiative of Professor MA Barnik with Professor Mirza Mazharul Islam as the convener. Passed matriculation from Bogra Zilla School (1946). Bangladesh's commitment to the promotion and preservation of all mother tongues is enshrined in the foundation of a national institute in Dhaka called Antarjatik Matribhasha Institute (International Mother Tongue Institute) in 2001. According to Haque, language movement has rather become a kind of celebration of cultural activities in the month of February. Language Movement occupies a most glorious chapter in the history of Bangladesh.The importance of the Movement lies in the fact that it was this Language Movement which provided socio-politico-psychological basis on which subsequent movement for regional autonomy grew in the then East … In fact, Pakistan started losing its case to remain united as one nation on 21stFebruary 1952. The language movement of 1948-1952, which was divided into two-stage movement. However, it has a glorious historical background, coloured by the blood of our brothers. ‘On 23 February 1952, the Language Movement’s ‘Sainik’ was published. Both Awami League and its student wing Chhatra League evolved through this Language movement that stretched from 1948 till 1952. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} Bangladesh. This consciousness born out of the Language Movement inspired all the subsequent Movements and helped achieving the political, the cultural and the economic freedom leading to independence. Secondly, and more importantly, it provided a distinct identity to the Bangla speaking people of the then East Pakistan. Importance of Language movement in 1952 » The Language Movement is one of the most important days in our history. According to the news, the police fired at several arsonist students gathering in front of the medical college hostel on Thursday, killing seven people and injuring three hundred. The question as to what would be the state language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its creation. Leaders from Khilafat-e-Rabbani, Tamuddun Majlish, University Students’ Sangram Parishad, East Pakistan Muslim Students’ League and East Pakistan Youth League attended the conference. 21th February 2015. . In 1948, it was restricted between educated and intellectual class and their demand was to make Bengali language as the state language. The proposal was rejected. LanguageMovement22Feb1952.jpg ‎ (২৪৭ × ২৩৭ পিক্সেল, ফাইলের আকার: ৪৭ কিলোবাইট, এমআইএমই ধরণ: image/jpeg) The question about the State language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its independence on 14 august 1947. Finally the then government gave recognition to Bengali as one of the official languages of the country. The language movement forged a conscious link between various subaltern social groups, enabling them to transcend existing barriers and transform them into formidable political actors. Opposition politicians were unwilling to get involved in a clash with the government just before a general election. It has been suggested that the freedom struggle of Bangladesh originated from the Bengali language movement. External links. Language Movement began in 1948 and reached its climax in the killing of 21 February 1952, and ended in the adoption of Bangla as one of the state languages of Pakistan. In that movement many students sacrificed their lives on 21 February 1952 and many others suffered imprisonment. This important movement recognized Bengali as a language … In the beginning, it was cultural movement, but gradually it took the form of a political movement. The Bengali Language Movement had a major cultural impact on Bengali society. After the meeting, they started gathering on the premises of the Medical College hostel. The Language Movement had a major cultural impact on Bengali society. • Since 1952, 21 February has been observed every year to commemorate the martyrs of the Language Movement. The government, on its part, invoked Section 144 on 20 February, banning public meetings, rallies and processions. Till 1971, the day was observed spontaneously, and served as an occasion to revive the feelings of nationalism and Bengali nationhood. Different cultural organisations also arrange various functions. On 31 January 1952 a conference of the leaders of all opposition parties were held in the Dhaka Bar Council Library. Chaired the meeting at Amtola, Dhaka University (DU) premises on Ekushey February from which the decision to violate Section 144 was made. They processions was joined by other members of public beside students. At a meeting on the morning of 21 February on the campus of the arts faculty of the university (now dhaka medical college and hospital), the students unanimously agreed to stick to the earlier decision to defy Section 144. On the night of 23 February, the students constructed a shaheed minar (martyrs' memorial) on the spot where the students had been killed. Due to his role in the language movement he was arrested three times, in 1948, 1952 and 1954. What should be the language of newly formed Pakistan?Last updated: 5 October 2017 From the section 1952 Bhasha AndolonThe question about the State language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its independence on 14 august 1947.The language issue was seen as the last piece of jigsaw in the two-nation theory which was formed with religion based nationalism. They participated in a gayebi janaza (funeral prayer held without the dead body) on the Medical College campus. The central leaders and the Urdu-speaking intellectuals of Pakistan declared that urdu would be the state language … Nevertheless, the movement for the recognition of Bangla as a state language gained momentum. The reaction to the police killings was immediate. Find the perfect 1952 Bengali Language Movement stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Special programmes are broadcast and telecast highlighting the importance of the day. 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