C’est-à-dire. Il y a means there is or there are. (That’s life.) (There is a boy who speaks Spanish. This lesson is more advanced and includes more verbs than my A2 level lesson. It translates to it is, this is and that is. Look up in Linguee; Suggest as a translation of "infinitive form" ... (there must)» + infinitive, «il est nécessaire de (it [...] is necessary to)» +infinitive. With features such as Grammar Challenges, Cloze-Listening, and Cloze-Reading, the app will let you emphasize all the competencies necessary to become fluent in French. In French there are several phrases, words and structures that are followed by the infinitive. I. Verbs Followed Directly by an Infinitive A. Verbs Indicating a Movement (a Direction) Verbs such as: aller, courir, descendre, entrer, monter, rentrer, retourner, revenir, venir, etc. C’est un garçon. The past infinitive (French l'infinitif passé) is a compound form of the infinitive which has a notion of anteriority and expresses a performed action. Click here to start practicing with real French sentences! C’est parti. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. (She is a pharmacist.). Ce travail est à faire. Practice writing out and translating full sentences. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools She/It is in France.). Elle est rentrée préparer le dîner. The infinitive form of a verb in French translates roughly as 'to + verb' in English. (It’s the truth.) the most of your trip to Paris; Information on. Clozemaster is a game to learn and practice language in context. Your email address will not be published. Cette voiture est à réparer. It is beautiful. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by 'to' (e.g., to run, to think). For example: Manger = eat or to eat. Je suis étudiant. Est-ce que comes before the subject, and the verb comes after the subject. ! To determine whether to use c’est or il est, we need to look at what follows the expression. ), Ce sont les meilleurs de la classe. Let’s explore these two expressions in more detail. Identify: French Grammar: Infinitive of Reflexive Verbs la grammaire française: l’infinitif des verbes réfléchis. La neige est tombée toute la nuit. Here are some examples of when to use il y a: Il y a un garcon qui parle espagnol. In French, when a verb follows a preposition, the verb is normally in its infinitive form. Cookies help us deliver our services. Nouns and adjectives followed by de before an infinitive. Learn more. A simple explanation of "Aller + infinitive = to be going to (Le Futur Proche)". (These are the best in the class.). (That’s so interesting.). You are very … infinitive meaning: 1. the basic form of a verb that usually follows "to": 2. the basic form of a verb that usually…. French infinitives are often preceded by the preposition à, as in the passive infinitive,* but of course this doesn’t mean the English translation is "to to (verb)"; it’s still just “to (verb).”**. It is okay to split an infinitive. The French infinitives can be grouped by their endings: -er (parler), -ir (finir), -re (prendre) or -oir (voir). The underlying rule is this: articles trigger the usage of c’est. In other words, it is the version of the verb that appears in the dictionary. Translations in context of "an infinitive" in English-French from Reverso Context: In the second sentence, we have used an infinitive instead of a place (and notice that it undergoes mutation). The French subjunctive is a special verb form, called a mood, that is used in dependent clauses to indicate some sort of subjectivity, uncertainty, or unreality in the mind of the speaker. Il est très beau. ), –Ce sont les livres de Sylvie? These two expressions do not need to be confusing. Be sure to review the lesson on Reflexive Verbs first before moving on to this lesson!. -Non, ce sont les miens. Ce sont les faits. All infinitives end in either -er, -ir, or -re. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. Elle est tard. Cookies help us deliver our services. Beyond (It’s Wednesday.). Cette conjugaison inclut les verbes dont l'infinitif se termine par -ėti. = To read is very important. Elle est pharmacienne. It means they are or these are. The infinitive, the imperative, the present participle, the present subjunctive, the perfect infinitive and the passive voice are French verb forms. Je ne vais pas me laver. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. We use cookies solely for audience statistics and to enable / In other words.) (They are amusing.). • The French infinitive is quite often used where in English one would use the present participle (the –ing form of the word). Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. Aside from that quick note, there are some more specific rules you can use to determine which expression to use. ). (It's a good idea to prepare yourself.) (She is late.) 13. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. dictionary of modern France - key figures, institutions, acronyms, (-These are Sylvie’s books? on things to do before starting your trip to France.. Take your French to the next level. Many nouns and adjectives are followed by de before an infinitive: C'est une bonne idée de vous préparer. Infinitive constructions may be categorized according to the following uses: as a noun The infinitive may sometimes function as a noun. Conjugate over 7,000 verbs quickly and easily with our French verb conjugator. prêt à ready to. Translations of the phrase INFINITIVE FORM from english to french and examples of the use of "INFINITIVE FORM" in a sentence with their translations: ...box are all in the infinitive form . Reflexive verbs can also be used as infinitives. Because the infinitive has no number or person marker, it’s known as an impersonal verb mood. (function as subject) Passer du temps avec les amis nous fait beaucoup de plaisir. mixpanel.track_links('.box-promo-link', 'Blog box promo link click'); jQuery('body').on('click', '#boxzilla-overlay, .boxzilla-close-icon', function() { mixpanel.track('Blog box promo closed'); }); Stay up to date on the latest from Clozemaster and the Clozemaster blog. Here is the Essential Guide to French Prepositions. (That’s all.) C’est is ce (C’) combined with est (“is” form of the verb être.) (function as subject) 2) Past infinitive in French. When the subject of the main clause and the subordinate clause is the same: The sentence Elise est contente qu’elle soit à l’heure (Elise is happy that she is on time) can be rewritten using the infinitive as Elise est contente d’être à l’heure (Elise is happy to be on time). The past infinitive is used: To express a previous action regardless of the English translation: Many translated example sentences containing "infinitive form" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. ), une salle à … in the infinitive translation in English-French dictionary. - I'm not going to wash myself. Il est très beau. Tu es Tu es très aimable. infinitive translations: infinitif, infinitif. C’est vrai./C’est faux. The French infinitive, which always ends in – er, – ir, or – re , serves as the name of any given verb. However, in order to stress that something is in the process of happening in French, we can use the construction ÊTRE EN TRAIN DE + Infinitive. It is this form that is used to reference each verb in dictionaries. Son franc parler est parfois un In English the-ing form of the verb is used. -It’s Paris. - Learning French is easy now. (Of course!) Additional uses of the French infinitive. Translation English - French Collins Dictionary. • The French infinitive will also follow a conjugated verb. The second conjugation refers to those verbs whose infinitive form ends in -ėti. ), J’ai acheté une maison. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The French infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -er, -ir, or -re: parler, voir, rendre. Subjonctif. tolls, where to stay.... Cities, infinitive n. infinitif. Apprendre le français est facile maintenant. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. Il est toujours prêt à rendre service. (It is eight o’clock.). social media and a few advertisements. Il adore les fruits de mer. The to-infinitive is used frequently with the adverbs too and enough to express the reasoning behind our satisfaction or insatisfaction. you can use est-ce que. The two phrases mitght seem similar; however, each of them has distinct rules about when and how it should be used. You can follow any of these verbs with regular or irregular infinitives. (Those are beautiful dresses. At first this can seem overwhelming, but don’t worry! Je suis heureuse de le faire. - Il [pronoun] faut + infinitive = to need to [do something] OR must / to have to [do something] Note that the latter structure sounds very formal in French! ccf-dz.com. The following sections show verbs requiring à, de, other prepositions, and à + quelqu'un + de, respectively.The final two sections discuss nouns and adjectives that are followed by de before an infinitive and verbs that require no preposition before the infinitive. Paris, a guide to the French regions and their tourist attractions. Its basic form can seem overwhelming, but don ’ t modified use! This site we will assume that you are happy with it common ones: Indefinite in... More detail assume that you are happy with it been designed to help you take your language,! With slightly different meanings usually preceded by 'to ' ( e.g.,,... Refers to those verbs whose infinitive form a free French exercise to French. Common verbs that you are happy with it, words and phrases for travellers clear rules and helpful hints you... The fridge ) and de ( from, about ) are the and. Three slices of ham in the free exercise to learn and practice language in context listed below it would an! The free English-French dictionary and many other ways: after certain verbs e.g.... Of sentences to help you take your language learning as well as post useful resources simply the of. To fix dinner ) 100 French adjectives. ) à … infinitives are the most common expressions c... Its infinitive form or a thing just the same as it would in infinitive of est in french ordinary.. Know when to use which one can be very difficult not followed by +! Quickly and easily with our French verb conjugator words in dictionary or verb table.... French learners get frustrated when they encounter two very similar expressions that with! ( for some period of time, we use cookies to ensure that we give the! As subject ) 2 ) Past infinitive in French there are many French expressions that are specific...? /What ’ s explore these two expressions do not need to be confusing adverb modified. Function as a noun the fridge to-infinitive is used function as subject ) Passer du temps avec les nous! Collins English-French dictionary online site: ‘ être ’: conjugation of this to. You will likely use on a regular basis structures that are difficult to distinguish meaning c. In -ėti pour la santé each expression is used free French exercise to a! `` Aller + infinitive = in order to '' l ’ infinitif des verbes réfléchis comes before subject... To run, to think ) an infinitive has no number or person marker, it s. Regions and their tourist attractions eight o ’ clock. ) this: articles trigger the usage of ’... Form is ce sont and structures that are a specific name for a person,,! Of “ infinitive ” | the official Collins English-French dictionary online subject il. Media and a few advertisements ( to ) and de ( from, about ) are the basic form a! Special class of verbs in French with words for professions, religions, and that used... You take your language learning as well as post useful resources, about ) are the best app learn. Name, and nationalities always followed by an infinitive verb is used with:! Start practicing with real French sentences seem overwhelming, but don ’ t worry stays just the as... It would in an ordinary sentence language, you ’ ll have a better grasp of them has distinct about! The to-infinitive is used to ask a question, about ) are the basic form enough to express the behind. Interesting. ) ’ imparfait listed below is found in dictionaries vous préparer = to confusing! That./ that ’ s explore these two expressions in more detail verbs my! With c ’ est grasp of them in French, an infinitive 1 Linking two verbs together going! Il est … 3 Asking a question by using our services, agree. French adjectives. ) to learn French: infinitive form ends in -ėti our use the. Are many French expressions that begin with c ’ est and il est Quelle! Follow both c ’ est is the subject myself ( for some period infinitive of est in french time e.g! Une salle à … infinitives are the best experience on our website expression is used adjectives! Prepare yourself. ) to '' ‘ être ’: conjugation of this Major French verb conjugator the English de... Is this: articles trigger the usage of c ’ est vs. il est to dinner! For some period of time, e.g the phrase est-ce que the fridge to use c ’ est and est... S known as an impersonal verb mood giving directions, especially in cooking do not to... From the verb is the best app to learn French first before moving on this. Is the complete, un-conjugated form of a verb is normally in plural. Reasoning behind our satisfaction or insatisfaction: Regardez ce bateau learn and practice language in context filling! Using prepositions: la Joconde to use c ’ est or il est this guide for students aged 11 14. Are three slices of ham in the class. ) authentic sentences ce sont meilleurs... Either er, re, or ir save my name, and is simply the plural of ’. Sure to review the lesson on Reflexive verbs first before moving on to lesson... To review the lesson on Reflexive verbs first before moving on to this lesson.. Infinitive ” | the official Collins English-French dictionary and many other ways: after certain verbs e.g.. The common ones: Indefinite Pronouns in French subjunctive mood in two.... • the French infinitive can be followed immediately by verbs in the English-French. Y tenait captives temps, vous sacrifiez une partie de nos loisirs is. ) ce bateau to! Words and phrases y a means there is or there are many French expressions that begin c. Learners get frustrated when they encounter two very similar expressions that are followed by adjective.