Gopher: Gopher is a collection of rules implemented for searching, retrieving as well as displaying documents from isolated sites. Gopher was conceived in 1991 as one of the Internet’s first data/file access protocols to run on top of a TCP/IP network. For example, the NNTP protocol lists a number of commands such as article, list, and newgroups, and it says that every command must be on a separate line and that the responses will be preceded by a line with a 3-digit number. Gopher represented an early alternative to the World Wide Web.. The gopher protocol has some things HTTP-based clients do not have.It is based on menus.An item selected from a menu will either open another menu, or a document. Gopher is an application-layer protocol that provides the ability to extract and view Web documents stored on remote Web servers. The library includes both client and server handling and examples of each. … The Gopher protocol is a TCP/IP Application layer protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet […]. The design of the Gopher protocol and user interface is menu-driven, and presented an alternative to the World Wide Web in its early stages, but ultimately fell into disfavor, yielding to the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Network News Transfer Protocol. It was developed at University of Minnesota and is named after the school's mascot. Some Other Protocols. The Gopher protocol / ˈ ɡ oʊ f ər / is a communications protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents in Internet Protocol networks. Some other popular protocols act as co-functioning protocols associated with these primary protocols for core functioning. They were discussion boards where users could connect and have discussions. Gopher Sites Gopher is a menu-based information retrieval protocol. Gopher is a protocol.It was designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet. 0 is a plain text file, 1 is a directory and 9 is a binary file. Gopher services act like large directories that you navigate through, rather than using hyperlinks to jump between pages. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser. Gopher protocol library for Golang This is a standards compliant Gopher library for the Go programming language implementing the RFC 1436 specification. Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) was the protocol but it better known as Newsgroups and Usenet. Note: Most of these links point to the main Gopher menu at a particular site, as the directories weren't listed. These are: On the other hand, subsets of other document retrieval schemes may be mapped onto the Gopher protocol by means of "gateway-servers". Many sites that offer downloadable applications use the FTP protocol. The protocol offers some features not natively supported by the Web and imposes a much stronger hierarchy on information stored on it. The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. The appropriate menu shouldn't be too far down the hierarchy though. Gopher also works on the client/server principle. The Gopher protocol is even simpler. An example of a FTP Protocol Window: Gopher Gopher offers downloadable files with some content description to make it easier to find the file you need. This is a list of links, mainly from a book called Using Gopher, to a variety of Gopher sites around the world.. 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