There’s just one error: In the third-last paragraph, you used the word “alternate” when you meant “alternative.”, Copyright © 2020 Daily Writing Tips . While compound nouns do not require hyphens, some people prefer to use them. Let’s look at this concept using our above examples. What is the correct way of writing one-year-old-child (or two, three, four etc.)? I don’t think language-lover should be hyphenated in general, but in the phrase “well-informed language-lover” I think it is very acceptable to hyphenate in order for “well-informed” to modify “a lover of languages” and not just “language”. Most Not HyphenatedMost compound nouns are not hyphenated: Complete WordsOthers have migrated and become complete words, spelled as one word, with no hyphen: For variations of these compound nouns, e.g., rest house, reference book, always check the dictionary for proper spelling.Hyphenated Compound NounsSome compound nouns are hyphenated: Previous: Hyphens and Compound Words Next: Hyphens and Compound Adjectives. Compound adjectives are usually hyphenated. I’m not sure I’ve ever seen “co-operate”, except hyphenated across a line-break…. Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Hyphenated Form: These compound nouns connect two or more words with one or more hyphens between them. And then there are hyphenated compound words that always take hyphens: sister-in-law, merry-go-round, self-esteem. Wind-powered generators can be excellent sources of electricity. Thanks for your vote! And a writer’s rule of thumb is that if a term has not made its way into a dictionary, use a corollary form (would you hyphenate “cat lover” or “coffee lover”?) Common examples are “part-time,” “high-speed,” and “editor-in-chief.”. Only then did I realize I had fallen into a trap that the English language often lays for the erudite and the inexperienced alike: the expectation that it will be consistent. No-one (that’s no-one not noone) writes cooperate in the UK. Over time, many hyphenated compounds become closed compounds— teen-ager became teenager for instance. However, this was in the 1970s. The Three Types of Compound Words Open compounds are written as separate words, such as “school bus” and “high school.” Hyphenated compounds, such as “merry-go-round” and “well-being,” are the second type. hyphens: compound nouns A compound noun is simply a compound that functions as a noun. However, if the compound adjective comes after the noun, the relationships between the words may be intelligible without a hyphen (e.g., counseling that is client centered). I read somewhere recently that the OED had just published a very long list of words that were previously hyphenated in British English for which the hyphen could (should?) Hyphenated Compound Noun; Hyphenated compound nouns are those words that are connected by one or more hyphens such as sister-in-law, mother-in-law, jack-in-the-box, state-of-the-art, brother-in-law, shout-out, mind-set, five-year-old, etc. The garden-filled city of Toowoomba attracts many tourists. You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free. However, similar noun+verb compounds, like eye-opener, are valid. (And we don’t hyphenate no-one.). Hyphenated compound words place a hyphen between the two words. However, a hyphenated compound noun joins these two words with a punctuation mark called a hyphen. The two words are often adjectives or nouns, and can be used by themselves, but combined with a hyphen they represent a different thing. Fowler, when I found what I felt to be an ironic instance: an error. The hyphenation of word-choice is unequivocally wrong, but who is to say that Garner and the jacket-copy writer erred with language-lover? It is also acceptable (and preferred by most writers) to write compound nouns either as two separate words or joined up to make one word. No-one (that’s no-one not noone) writes cooperate in the UK. Minutes later, I was reading an entry, and I noticed the second error repeated therein: “The word denotes a well-informed language-lover and word connoisseur.” This time — assuming the author, while reading the proof, had not overlooked a copy editor’s erroneous insertion — the culprit was Garner himself. I wondered whether Garner had noticed these errors when he received his first copy. It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. … These are often referred to as closed or solid compound nouns. “Jacket copywriter” implies someone who crafts prose to be printed on coats. I was reading the jacket copy for Garner’s Modern American Usage, the successor to the similarly titled classic reference work by H.W. I was taught at school (in UK) that hyphens were required where the attachment of prefixes without could modify pronunciation due to vowel combination. . A single noun made up of two or more words is called a compound noun (e.g., cooking-oil, pickpocket). But two of the open compound words, “ice cream” and “high school,” are commonly used as adjectives as well, as in “ice cream social” and “high school student.” Otherwise, no hyphens are needed. I find this discussion very interesting but do not entirely agree. All completely just based on the standard of the moment, and language is constantly in flux. Applying this approach, I developed the following arguments on this subject: Where the main nouns in word pairs can stand alone, either generally or in a context that helps to define them, there is no need for a hyphen. but not when the compound comes after the noun: His music was also well known in England. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages. For example, sing-along is a compound formed from a verb and an adverb, but it functions as a noun: Sometimes, more than … I have to say hyphenation of compound words in English is completely arbitrary. A compound is a word or word group that consists of two or more parts that work together as a unit to express a specific concept. As the names imply, “open compounds” are written as separate words, “hyphenated compounds” are written with one or more hyphens, and “closed compounds” are written as a single word. Compound words can be written in three ways: as open compounds (spelled as two words, e.g., ice cream), closed compounds (joined to form a single word, e.g., doorknob), or hyphenated compounds (two words joined by a hyphen, e.g., long-term). ‘My wife and daughter are both blue-eyed.‘ Compound nouns are words which give a name to something. [17] When a compound modifier follows the term to which it applies, a hyphen is typically not used if the compound is a temporary compound. Writers using familiar compound verbs and nouns should consult a dictionary or look online to decide if these verbs and nouns should be hyphenated. It’s always written as co-operate. See the use of “gotten”, for example. Closed compounds are those written as single words, with no hyphenation. Not that anyone would interpret it that way, but without the hyphen, the emphasis of how you read it to yourself would make it seem that the language was well-informed, not the lover of the language (an absurdity, of course). We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Continuing to read the copy, I stumbled once again, while reading a reference to “language-lovers of all persuasions.” By this time, I thought it unfortunate that a book that purports (with eminent justification) to be a trusted authority on proper usage should have two superfluous hyphens in the jacket copy. 3. Here are a few examples of common hyphenated compound words: Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web! With compound adjectives formed from the adverb well and a participle (e.g. An often overlooked rule for hyphens: The adverb very and adverbs ending in ly are not hyphenated. Sometimes you separate them out into two words, sometimes you put them together, sometimes you separate with a hyphen. Compound nouns are sometimes one word, like toothpaste, haircut, or bedroom. An example of a compound adjective is ‘blue-eyed.’ Here is a sentence which contains the word to show how it would work. https://www.grammar.com/hyphens-and-compound-nouns. In many cases, though, styling is a question of taste and tradition. A hyphenated compound is made from two words in English combined by a hyphen. However, similar noun+verb compounds, like eye-opener, are valid. Hyphenate nouns or adjectives beginning with the prefixes ex (meaning "former"), self, all and quasi: 1. ex-wife 2. ex-premier Getty 3. self-control 4. self-assured 5. all-inclusive 6. all-powerful 7. quasi-judicial 8. quasi-stellar However, when self is the base word to which a suffix is added, do nothyphenate: 1. selfish 2. selfhood 3. selfsame 4. selfless . One easy way to tell if you should use a hyphen is to pair each describing word on its own with the noun it’s describing. But that doesn’t have to be the case. The tendency to hyphenate all compound adjectives is different from compound nouns since compound nouns are not always hyphenated. And if we were discussing a watch’s suitability for use while swimming, we would not talk of its “resistance”, even though the context made it clear that resistance to dust or shocks was not being referred to. Hyphen between the words don ’ t make sense without each other, you should use hyphen! 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